Pisa

   Italian maritime republic in Tuscany on the Arno River. Byzantium (q.v.) used Pisa, like Genoa (q.v.), as a counterweight to the rising commercial power of Venice (q.v.). In 1111 Alexios I Komnenos (q.v.) extended Pisa trading privileges that included trading quarters along the Golden Horn (q.v.). Privileges were renewed in 1136 by John II (q.v.), lost in 1163, and restored in 1170 by Manuel I. The Pisans suffered in the general slaughter of Latins in Constantinople (q.v.) in 1182. Nevertheless, their privileges were again renewed in 1192 by Isaac II (q.v.), partly because some Genoese had taken to piracy in Byzantine waters. The conquest ofConstantinople by the Fourth Crusade (qq.v.) in 1204 was a triumph for Venice and a setback for Pisa and Genoa. Pisa never fully recovered its commercial position in Byzantium, and in 1439 its privileges were given to Florence (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Pisa — Pisa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pisa — • Archdiocese in Tuscany in central Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pisa     Pisa     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pisa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para información sobre el Programa Internacional para la Evaluación de Estudiantes (o Informe PISA), véase Informe PISA. Pisa …   Wikipedia Español

  • PISA — PISA, city in Tuscany, central Italy. Benjamin of tudela found 20 Jewish families living there around 1165. It may be presumed that Jews had settled in the city even earlier, attracted by the possibilities offered by the close commercial ties… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PISA — auch: Pi|sa 〈ohne Artikel; Schulw.; Abk. für engl.〉 Programme for International Student Assessment (Programm für internationale Schülerbeurteilung); →a. PISA Studie * * * Pi|sa: Stadt in Italien. PISA, Pi|sa [Abk. für engl. Programme for… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PISA, DA — PISA, DA, family of bankers, financers, and international merchants ranked among the best known Italian Jewish families. In 1393 MATASSIA DI SABATO, a member of the well known Bet El or Min ha Keneset Roman family, settled in San Miniato, a small …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • pisa — PISÁ, pisez, vb. I. tranz. 1. A zdrobi, a sfărâma o substanţă, un corp solid prin loviri repetate (cu pisălogul, cu ciocanul etc.), pentru a le face mai mărunte sau a le preface în praf. 2. A bătători, a bătuci, a frământa cu picioarele zăpada,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pisa [2] — Pisa, 1) Compartimento (Präfectur) im Großherzogthum Toscana, zwischen Lucca, Florenz, Siena u. dem Tyrrhenischen Meere; eben u. sumpfig an beiden Ufern des Arno; an der Küste liegen die ungesunden Landstriche Maremma Pisana. u. Maremma… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pisa [2] — Pisa, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), 3 m ü. M., zu beiden Seiten des Arno, 10 km von seiner Mündung in das Ligurische Meer, an den Eisenbahnen Genua P. Rom, Florenz P. Livorno und P. Lucca Pistoja und den Dampfstraßenbahnen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • PISA — urbs Peloponnesi ad Alpheum fluv. et mont. Pisaeum, de quo Plut. Regio Pisatis dicitur Straboni. Virg. Georg. l. 3. v. 180. Aut Alphea rotis pralabi flumima Pisa Hinc Pisaeus, nomen gentile. Ovid Amer. l. 3. El. 2. v. 15. Ah quum pene Pelops… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • pişa — PIŞÁ, piş, vb. I. (pop.) 1. refl. A urina. 2. tranz. A uda, a stropi cu urină. – lat. *pissiare. Trimis de oprocopiuc, 10.11.2006. Sursa: DEX 98  PIŞÁ vb. v. ieşi, urina. Trim …   Dicționar Român

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